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In this presentation we will be provide a high level overview of the ITS Joint Program office and our connected vehicle research. You may hear others refer to this technology as Vehicle-to-Vehicle technology, but as you can see by this agenda Connected Vehicles have benefits beyond preventing car crashes. We have a much broader perspective in mind that not just addresses road safety issues but also mobility and environmental issues.
We know that wireless technology can be used to improve they way people travel by giving them more information and more options. Anonymous collected from cars, trucks, buses and even pedestrian cell phones can be combined to create applications that make travel easier and hassle-free. The data also gives people the option make greener travel decisions and avoid hazardous road weather issues like Icy roads.
I will also talk about the underlying technology that makes Connected Vehicles happens, the testing we are doing to ensure the technology is safe and secure and the policy issues that need to be addressed.
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The Intelligent Transportation Systems Joint Program Office is a program office at the USDOT that is located within the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology.  We manage a multimodal ITS research program in cooperation with our modal partners from all surface transportation modes, incl. transit, highways, rail, etc. within USDOT.
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So let’s talk a little about our plans for ITS over the next five years…
The ITS Strategic Plan 2015-2019 outlines the direction and goals of the USDOT’s ITS Program and provides a framework around which the ITS JPO and other Department agencies will conduct research, development, and adoption activities to achieve them.
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The ITS Strategic Plan includes program categories to provide the necessary structure for research, development, and adoption of ITS technologies. These categories reflect modal and external stakeholder input about the areas where attention, focus, and resources should be devoted.
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We need an image of different types of Connected Vehicles
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The connected vehicle concept is illustrated here.
Real-time data is transmitted through multiple sources and alerts drivers to avoid crashes or back-ups. Infrastructure data includes signal phase and timing, speed warnings (drive 35 mph), and the number of available parking spaces.
Vehicles equipped with dedicated short-range communications (DSRC) will broadcast information such as their location, speeds, and direction of travel. In the future, it may be possible to share additional data such as crash notifications and location, pavement condition, or slippery road surfaces.
The full set of vehicle data available through the basic safety message includes brake status, turn signal status, vehicle length, vehicle width, and bumper height, as well as time, heading angle, lateral acceleration, longitudinal acceleration, yaw rate, throttle position, steering angle, headlight status, wiper status, external temperature, and vehicle mass. 
What this picture does not show is data being transmitted to the traveler via cellular technology. The connected vehicle concept encompasses connectivity between vehicles, the infrastructure, and the traveler.
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NHTSA chose these two applications for analysis because they are good illustrations of benefits that V2V can provide above and beyond the safety benefits of vehicle-resident cameras and sensors.
The number of lives potentially saved would likely increase significantly with the implementation of additional V2V and V2I safety applications that would be enabled if vehicles were equipped with DSRC capability.
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There is much talk about how connected vehicles will prevent crashes, but there is another aspects of the connected vehicle world that we often like to emphasize. Anonymous data disseminated from connected vehicles will be collected and used as the basis for a myriad of applications that will transform the way we travel. This image shows the basic foundation of the data environment. Aggregate data from cars, trucks, traffic signals, buses, weather sensors and other sources is  combined at a central hub and is used to create data that is not only used for safety warnings but can be the basis for mobility applications, weather applications, transit applications and more that you can read on your phone, on your dashboard, the tablet, home computer and other devices.
Vision – Multi Source Data fusion
Objectives
Enable systematic data capture from connected vehicles (automobiles, transit, trucks), mobile devices, and infrastructure
Develop data environments that enable integration of data from multiple sources for use in transportation management and performance measurement
Reduce costs of data management and eliminate technical and institutional barriers to the capture, management, and sharing of data
Vision – Transportation version of the App Store.
Objectives
Create applications enablers using frequently collected and rapidly disseminated multi-source data from connected travelers, vehicles (automobiles, transit, freight) and infrastructure
Develop and assess applications showing potential to improve nature, accuracy, precision and/or speed of dynamic decision making by system managers and system users
Demonstrate promising applications predicted to significantly improve capability of transportation system to provide safe, reliable, and secure movement of goods and people
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Once data is available to the public, the real potential of connected vehicles is unleashed. We expect a myriad of applications to developed by the private sector, but we are working on a few high priority applications  that our public sector stakeholders believe will be helpful to them in the future. Here are some examples.
MMITSS is the next generation of traffic signal systems that seeks to provide a comprehensive traffic information framework to service all modes of transportation, including general vehicles, transit, emergency vehicles, freight fleets, and pedestrians and bicyclists in a connected vehicle environment.
INFLO is designed to use Connected Vehicle data to help keep traffic flowing at an optimal pace, R.E.S.C.U.M.E  is a package of applications to help first responders including an application that warns drivers that they are approaching an  is a accident situation on the side of the road.
R.E.S.C.U.M.E. are the next generation of applications that transform the response, emergency staging and communications, uniform management, and evacuation process associated with incidents.
EnableATIS represents a framework around a desired end state for a future traveler information network, with a focus on multimodal integration, facilitated sharing of data, end-to-end trip perspectives, and use of analytics and logic to generate predictive information specific to users. As the traveler information marketplace continues to evolve, EnableATIS seeks to facilitate, support, and enable those advancements and innovations to provide transformative traveler information.
IDTO are the next generation of applications that transform transit mobility, operations, and services through the availability of new data sources and communications.
FRATIS is a bundle of applications that provides freight-specific dynamic travel planning and performance information and optimizes drayage operations so that load movements are coordinated between freight facilities to reduce empty-load trips.
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Now that we have looked at the safety and mobility aspects, we can take a peek at our environment-related research – AERIS. It is no secret cars, trucks buses etc. are a leading contributor to greenhouse gas emissions. We want to give drivers the tools they need to make greener transportation choices by using applications that help to save fuel. Employing a multi-modal approach, the AERIS Research Program  aims to encourage the development of technologies and applications that support a more sustainable relationship between transportation and the environment chiefly through fuel use reductions and resulting emissions reductions.
Background:
Employing a multi-modal approach, the AERIS Research Program  aims to encourage the development of technologies and applications that support a more sustainable relationship between transportation and the environment chiefly through fuel use reductions and resulting emissions reductions.
AERIS stands for Application for the Environment: Real-Time Information Synthesis. The vision for this program is “Cleaner Air Through Smarter Transportation”
AERIS applications leverage vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V), vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I), and vehicle-to-grid (V2G) data (and other) exchanges via wireless technologies of various types. These applications are specifically designed to facilitate and incentivize “green choices” by transportation service consumers (system users, system operators, policy decision makers, etc..
Applications are at the vehicle and system level, having a positive impact and accruing benefits for both the individual and the community at large
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The U.S. Department of Transportation's (DOT) National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) announced that it will begin taking steps to enable vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) communication technology for light vehicles. This technology would improve safety by allowing vehicles to "talk" to each other and ultimately avoid many crashes altogether by exchanging basic safety data, such as speed and position, ten times per second.
DOT research indicates that safety applications using V2V technology can address a large majority of crashes involving two or more motor vehicles. With safety data such as speed and location flowing from nearby vehicles, vehicles can identify risks and provide drivers with warnings to avoid other vehicles in common crash types such as rear-end, lane change, and intersection crashes. These safety applications have been demonstrated with everyday drivers under both real-world and controlled test conditions.
The safety applications currently being developed provide warnings to drivers so that they can prevent imminent collisions, but do not automatically operate any vehicle systems, such as braking or steering. NHTSA is also considering future actions on active safety technologies that rely on on-board sensors. Those technologies are eventually expected to blend with the V2V technology. NHTSA issued an Interim Statement of Policy in 2013 explaining its approach to these various streams of innovation. In addition to enhancing safety, these future applications and technologies could help drivers to conserve fuel and save time.
V2V technology does not involve exchanging or recording personal information or tracking vehicle movements. The information sent between vehicles does not identify those vehicles, but merely contains basic safety data. In fact, the system as contemplated contains several layers of security and privacy protection to ensure that vehicles can rely on messages sent from other vehicles and that a vehicle or group of vehicles would be identifiable through defined procedures only if there is a need to fix a safety problem.
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We want to continue with implementation of connected vehicles. This is a timeline of the program’s intended path toward deployment.  As promised, we have tested the technology in real-world settings and evaluated its effectiveness by collecting and analyzing the data from our testbeds over the past few years. NHTSA recently made an agency decision to move forward with the connected vehicle technology for light vehicles. NHTSA will make a decision about heavy vehicles soon.
We anticipate the continuation of our testing and certification efforts in the coming months and years, and are expecting our modal partner, FHWA, to issue deployment guidelines in the year ahead to assist the state and local jurisdictions in moving this technology towards widespread deployment.
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We have extensively researched and tested the potential of connected vehicles to save lives, as well as improve mobility and fuel efficiency. We have a little more work ahead, to complete what we started, but the industry is now ready to pick up the torch and advance what we started.
The GOALS of the CV Pilots Program are to:
accelerate early deployment of Connected Vehicle technology
understand and estimate benefits associated with deployment
identify and solve key issues related to technical and institutional barriers
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WASHINGTON – Today, U.S. Transportation Secretary Anthony Foxx made a major announcement on the future of vehicles that will make driving safer, cleaner, and more efficient. At the New York City Joint Management Traffic Center, the Secretary revealed that New York City, Wyoming, and Tampa, FL will receive up to $42 million to pilot next-generation technology in infrastructure and in vehicles to share and communicate anonymous information with each other and their surroundings in real time, reducing congestion and greenhouse gas emissions, and cutting the unimpaired vehicle crash rate by 80 percent. As part of the Department of Transportation (USDOT) national Connected Vehicle Pilot deployment program, the locations were selected in a competitive process to go beyond traditional vehicle technologies to help drivers better use the roadways to get to work and appointments, relieve the stress caused by bottlenecks, and communicate with pedestrians on cell phones of approaching vehicles. “Today’s announcement is a big step forward for the future of how we move in this country, from our rural communities to our biggest cities,” said Transportation Secretary Anthony Foxx. “It has been a core mission of the Department to support promising new technologies, and through these types of smart investments we are opening the door to a safer and cleaner network and expanding how future generations travel.” - See more at: http://www.its.dot.gov/press/2015/ngv_tech_announcement.htm#sthash.3MIVJdHj.dpuf
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New York City will install Vehicle to Vehicle (V2V) technology in 10,000 city-owned vehicles; including cars, buses, and limousines, that frequently travel in Midtown Manhattan, as well as Vehicle to Infrastructure (V2I) technology throughout Midtown. This includes upgrading traffic signals with V2I technology along avenues between 14th Street and 66th Street in Manhattan and throughout Brooklyn. Additionally, roadside units will be equipped with connected vehicle technology along the FDR Drive between 50th Street and 90th Street.  - See more at: http://www.its.dot.gov/press/2015/ngv_tech_announcement.htm#sthash.3MIVJdHj.dpuf
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.S. DOT made an additional commitment to empowering cities to solve congestion and safety issues with connected vehicle technology by awarding $17 million to solve peak rush hour congestion in downtown Tampa and to protect the city’s pedestrians by equipping their smartphones with the same connected technology being put into the vehicles.  Tampa also committed to measuring the environmental benefits of using this technology. - See more at: http://www.its.dot.gov/press/2015/ngv_tech_announcement.htm#sthash.3MIVJdHj.dpuf
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In Wyoming, the focus is on the efficient and safe movement of freight through the I-80 east-west corridor, which is critical to commercial heavy-duty vehicles moving across the northern portion of our country. Approximately 11,000 to 16,000 vehicles travel this corridor every day, and by using V2V and V2I, Wyoming DOT will both collect information and disseminate it to vehicles not equipped with the new technologies. - See more at: http://www.its.dot.gov/press/2015/ngv_tech_announcement.htm#sthash.3MIVJdHj.dpuf
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We understand there is a need for more wireless broadband capacity, and we support the President’s National Broadband Initiative. The demand for more WiFi services should not be ignored. But we first do a careful analysis to be sure that any proposal to share the DSRC  spectrum is safe.
We can’t take away the potential to save lives and reduce crashes,. That is the bottom line for us.
USDOT understands that the wireless industry has proposals that demonstrate how sharing might work, and urges the wireless community to bring those proposals and equipment forward so that they can be tested.  We are willing to work with the wireless industry and other stakeholders on this important issue, but we must make sure by testing that there will not be interference that affects the safety-critical ITS applications that rely on DSRC.
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The U.S. Department of Transportation continues to seek stakeholder input on preparations by the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) guidance for the development of Connected Vehicle Infrastructure (V2I) deployment guidance and deployment coalition planning.  USDOT would like input from transportation infrastructure owner/operators on draft FHWA guidance aimed at supporting successful implementation and operations of connected vehicle technologies.  It should be noted that the deployment of V2I technologies will be voluntary and is not coupled with the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration’s (NHTSA) proposed rulemaking for Vehicle-to-Vehicle (V2V) communications.
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FHWA guidance may well have some regulatory aspects e.g. if you want to use Federal funds to install connected vehicle infrastructure, here is what it needs to look like.  The nuance is that implementing infrastructure is optional, how it will be implemented if you decide to do it may not be.  The guidance is envisioned to provide information that assists agencies in making investment decisions.  It will include information on what will be required if an agency wants to participate in the Connected Vehicle environment (including governance, liability, operations & maintenance, and security), while identifying the benefits that will be derived from installing infrastructure to support specific applications.  The AASHTO “footprint” analysis will help define the extend of the system required for various scenarios.  All of this work will allow calculation benefits and costs for determining ROI.
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