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The Intelligent Transportation Systems Joint Program Office is a program office at the USDOT that is located within the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology.  We manage a multimodal ITS research program in cooperation with our modal partners from all surface transportation modes, incl. transit, highways, rail, etc. within USDOT.
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So let’s talk a little about our plans for ITS over the next five years…
The ITS Strategic Plan 2015-2019 outlines the direction and goals of the USDOT’s ITS Program and provides a framework around which the ITS JPO and other Department agencies will conduct research, development, and adoption activities to achieve them.
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The ITS Strategic Plan includes program categories to provide the necessary structure for research, development, and adoption of ITS technologies. These categories reflect modal and external stakeholder input about the areas where attention, focus, and resources should be devoted.
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We need an image of different types of Connected Vehicles
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The connected vehicle concept is illustrated here.
Real-time data is transmitted through multiple sources and alerts drivers to avoid crashes or back-ups. Infrastructure data includes signal phase and timing, speed warnings (drive 35 mph), and the number of available parking spaces.
Vehicles equipped with dedicated short-range communications (DSRC) will broadcast information such as their location, speeds, and direction of travel. In the future, it may be possible to share additional data such as crash notifications and location, pavement condition, or slippery road surfaces.
The full set of vehicle data available through the basic safety message includes brake status, turn signal status, vehicle length, vehicle width, and bumper height, as well as time, heading angle, lateral acceleration, longitudinal acceleration, yaw rate, throttle position, steering angle, headlight status, wiper status, external temperature, and vehicle mass. 
What this picture does not show is data being transmitted to the traveler via cellular technology. The connected vehicle concept encompasses connectivity between vehicles, the infrastructure, and the traveler.
The U.S. Department of Transportation's (DOT) National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) announced that it will begin taking steps to enable vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) communication technology for light vehicles. This technology would improve safety by allowing vehicles to "talk" to each other and ultimately avoid many crashes altogether by exchanging basic safety data, such as speed and position, ten times per second.
DOT research indicates that safety applications using V2V technology can address a large majority of crashes involving two or more motor vehicles. With safety data such as speed and location flowing from nearby vehicles, vehicles can identify risks and provide drivers with warnings to avoid other vehicles in common crash types such as rear-end, lane change, and intersection crashes. These safety applications have been demonstrated with everyday drivers under both real-world and controlled test conditions.
The safety applications currently being developed provide warnings to drivers so that they can prevent imminent collisions, but do not automatically operate any vehicle systems, such as braking or steering. NHTSA is also considering future actions on active safety technologies that rely on on-board sensors. Those technologies are eventually expected to blend with the V2V technology. NHTSA issued an Interim Statement of Policy in 2013 explaining its approach to these various streams of innovation. In addition to enhancing safety, these future applications and technologies could help drivers to conserve fuel and save time.
V2V technology does not involve exchanging or recording personal information or tracking vehicle movements. The information sent between vehicles does not identify those vehicles, but merely contains basic safety data. In fact, the system as contemplated contains several layers of security and privacy protection to ensure that vehicles can rely on messages sent from other vehicles and that a vehicle or group of vehicles would be identifiable through defined procedures only if there is a need to fix a safety problem.
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We want to continue with implementation of connected vehicles. This is a timeline of the program’s intended path toward deployment.  As promised, we have tested the technology in real-world settings and evaluated its effectiveness by collecting and analyzing the data from our testbeds over the past few years. NHTSA recently made an agency decision to move forward with the connected vehicle technology for light vehicles. NHTSA will make a decision about heavy vehicles soon.
We anticipate the continuation of our testing and certification efforts in the coming months and years, and are expecting our modal partner, FHWA, to issue deployment guidelines in the year ahead to assist the state and local jurisdictions in moving this technology towards widespread deployment.
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We have extensively researched and tested the potential of connected vehicles to save lives, as well as improve mobility and fuel efficiency. We have a little more work ahead, to complete what we started, but the industry is now ready to pick up the torch and advance what we started.
The GOALS of the CV Pilots Program are to:
accelerate early deployment of Connected Vehicle technology
understand and estimate benefits associated with deployment
identify and solve key issues related to technical and institutional barriers
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WASHINGTON – Today, U.S. Transportation Secretary Anthony Foxx made a major announcement on the future of vehicles that will make driving safer, cleaner, and more efficient. At the New York City Joint Management Traffic Center, the Secretary revealed that New York City, Wyoming, and Tampa, FL will receive up to $42 million to pilot next-generation technology in infrastructure and in vehicles to share and communicate anonymous information with each other and their surroundings in real time, reducing congestion and greenhouse gas emissions, and cutting the unimpaired vehicle crash rate by 80 percent. As part of the Department of Transportation (USDOT) national Connected Vehicle Pilot deployment program, the locations were selected in a competitive process to go beyond traditional vehicle technologies to help drivers better use the roadways to get to work and appointments, relieve the stress caused by bottlenecks, and communicate with pedestrians on cell phones of approaching vehicles. “Today’s announcement is a big step forward for the future of how we move in this country, from our rural communities to our biggest cities,” said Transportation Secretary Anthony Foxx. “It has been a core mission of the Department to support promising new technologies, and through these types of smart investments we are opening the door to a safer and cleaner network and expanding how future generations travel.” - See more at: http://www.its.dot.gov/press/2015/ngv_tech_announcement.htm#sthash.3MIVJdHj.dpuf
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The USDOT research initiative for wirelessly connected vehicles, travelers, and infrastructure includes the Real-Time Data Capture and Management (DCM) Program.
The role of the JPO Real-time Data Capture and Management Program has been to:
Collect multi-modal connected vehicle data from a variety of sources and to make it available for Connected Data research through the online Research Data Exchange
Prototype Real-time Operational Data Environments as forerunners of data collection systems that will enable CV deployment.
Study communications, privacy, and standards-issues related to data provision
Begin to explore the use of “big data” analytic techniques to derive traffic measures
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Collect multi-modal connected vehicle data from a variety of sources and to make it available for Connected Data research through the online Research Data Exchange
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The most recent addition of data to the RDE is a large data set from the Safety Pilot Model Deployment, in Ann Arbor Michigan.  With Basic Safety Messages being generated by over 3,000 vehicles every tenth of a second, this was our first taste of “Big Data”.  The size of the data collected, as well as issues relating to data privacy and data security, led us into challenging new territory.
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1.The RDE has grown to 11 data environments, one of which has real-time data, with tagged search capability and user project forums.
2.Federation with the Weather Data Environment (formerly Clarus) will occur within the next year.
3.RDE is moving toward cloud storage.
4.The size of data from the Safety Pilot in Ann Arbor will dwarf the other data environments (each month is over 400 GB and RSE data is 1.8 TB); alternate data delivery methods are being explored.
5.The RDE will receive data from future application prototype deployments
6.The RDE is the platform for Operational Data Environments as integrated pilots tests of real-time collection and delivery of CV data to enable deployed Mobility applications. The ODEs will include tests of pilot BMM
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The Data Capture and Management Program has transitioned into the Connected Data Systems program. We are shifting from a research data environment to a connected data operational system uniting traffic management and automated vehicles, and integrating transportation with energy, public safety, and other coordinated public services in a connected society,
We recognize that several trends in data generation and communication strongly affect transportation, including:
The rise of the “Internet of Things” and the role that vehicles play in that network,
Connected vehicles of all sorts will connect to numerous other data-driven systems in our society, presenting the possibility of new systemic efficiencies, but also presenting new risks.
A transition away from achieving mobility through vehicle ownership and toward accessing mobility as a service. 
Along with the rest of society, transportation will be transformed by automation – hence a USDOT program to plan for the oversight of a growing fleet of autonomous vehicles – and the integration of transportation into the “connected city” of the future,
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Connected City = simply, a system of interconnected systems.
Represents the culmination of our efforts to integrate all parts of our environment into a single system – including ICM, MOD, crowdsourcing, data analytics, operational objectives, etc.
Connected cities contain and use a collective “intelligent infrastructure” that can sense what’s around them and/or their own status. These data allow city operators to know how the city is operating and how its performance can be enhanced using real-time information to monitor performance and trends of the city – transportation is part of that.
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We recognize that several trends in data generation and communication strongly affect transportation, including:
The rise of the “Internet of Things” and the role that vehicles play in that network, with embedded microchips and smart devices carried by vehicle occupants.  Connected vehicles of all sorts will connect to numerous other data-driven systems in our society, presenting the possibility of new systemic efficiencies, but also presenting new risks.
By 2020, there will be 50-100 Billion “things” connected to the internet, generating 35 zeta-bytes of data per year.  There will be tremendous sources of IoT data (from vehicles, mobile devices, and smart infrastructure such as Parking Spots, IoT Lighting, IoT Noise Sensors, IoT Environmental Sensors, IoT Shipping Containers/Freight, IoT Roadways, IoT Perimeter Detection) that can come together to really make a difference.
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Along with the rest of society, transportation will be transformed by automation – hence a USDOT program to plan for the oversight of a growing fleet of autonomous vehicles – and the integration of transportation into the “connected city” of the future, where energy delivery, entertainment, public safety, health care, and other functions are increasingly tied by data communications.  As one of the interconnected systems in a connected city, connected transportation can cooperate with the other systems to provide synergistic benefits.
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The overall results of this research will be to build to build a connected data operational system uniting traffic management and automated vehicles, and integrating transportation with energy, public safety, and other coordinated public services in a connected society,
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Large data sets are also needed as the basis for new applications to support mobility, safety, and greater efficiency of transportation assets. The availability of enterprise data is crucial for continued innovation. For our future transportation system to work seamlessly, the data will be as critical as asphalt, concrete, and vehicles.
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Unconnected, autonomous vehicles could negatively impact road network operations
V2V communications can enhance system performance among locally connected vehicles
V2I communications can optimize overall road network performance, safety, and reliability
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Automated vehicles use on-board sensors, cameras, GPS, and telecommunications to obtain information to make their own judgments regarding safety-critical situations and act appropriately by effectuating control at some level.
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New York City will install Vehicle to Vehicle (V2V) technology in 10,000 city-owned vehicles; including cars, buses, and limousines, that frequently travel in Midtown Manhattan, as well as Vehicle to Infrastructure (V2I) technology throughout Midtown. This includes upgrading traffic signals with V2I technology along avenues between 14th Street and 66th Street in Manhattan and throughout Brooklyn. Additionally, roadside units will be equipped with connected vehicle technology along the FDR Drive between 50th Street and 90th Street.  - See more at: http://www.its.dot.gov/press/2015/ngv_tech_announcement.htm#sthash.3MIVJdHj.dpuf
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.S. DOT made an additional commitment to empowering cities to solve congestion and safety issues with connected vehicle technology by awarding $17 million to solve peak rush hour congestion in downtown Tampa and to protect the city’s pedestrians by equipping their smartphones with the same connected technology being put into the vehicles.  Tampa also committed to measuring the environmental benefits of using this technology. - See more at: http://www.its.dot.gov/press/2015/ngv_tech_announcement.htm#sthash.3MIVJdHj.dpuf
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In Wyoming, the focus is on the efficient and safe movement of freight through the I-80 east-west corridor, which is critical to commercial heavy-duty vehicles moving across the northern portion of our country. Approximately 11,000 to 16,000 vehicles travel this corridor every day, and by using V2V and V2I, Wyoming DOT will both collect information and disseminate it to vehicles not equipped with the new technologies. - See more at: http://www.its.dot.gov/press/2015/ngv_tech_announcement.htm#sthash.3MIVJdHj.dpuf
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