Research Archive

Research Plan Research Progress and Insights

Truck V2V research focuses on truck-specific opportunities, which are distinct from those of passenger vehicles. Even though much of the research on V2V for passenger vehicles is applicable to commercial vehicles, this research focuses on the unique aspects of trucks. These efforts are supported by strong engagement with industry The applications developed for truck platforms are being designed to be interoperable with all other vehicle platforms, so that drivers in light and heavy vehicles can be more aware of each other as they share our highways. Some of the trucking applications to be developed as part of the V2V safety program include:

  • Forward Collision Warning–Warns drivers of an impending rear-end collision with a vehicle ahead in the same lane and direction of travel;
  • Blind Spot Warning/Lane Change Warning–Helps drivers avoid or mitigate collisions with vehicles in or approaching a blind spot;
  • Intersection Movement Assist–Warns drivers when it is unsafe to enter an intersection due to high- collision probability with other vehicles; and
  • Electronic Emergency Brake Light–Helps drivers avoid or mitigate rear-end collisions with braking vehicles in the forward path of travel.

Because of the substantial impact that V2V technology could have on safety, NHTSA believes that this technology warrants consideration for possible regulatory action. In 2014, NHTSA announced an Advance Notice of Proposed Rulemaking for V2V on Light Vehicles and has stated their intent to make an agency decision on V2V safety technology for heavy vehicles The heavy vehicle decision will be based on the projected benefits results from the research conducted including: the Safety Pilot Model Deployment demonstration in Ann Arbor, Michigan; driver clinics, and objective performance testing of V2V applications by NHTSA at the Vehicle Research Test Center, East Liberty, Ohio.